Joint pain is discomfort, pain, or inflammation arising from any parts of a joint—the cartilage, bone, ligaments, tendons, or muscles. It is common, increases with age, body weight, and joint overuse, and affects any part of the body from head to toe. According to a recent survey, knee pain was the most common complaint, followed by shoulder and hip pain.
Joint pain is associated with swelling and inflammation, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, and a large number of conditions can cause joint pain, but the most common are:
- Osteoarthritis: a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joint wears off over time. The joint then becomes painful.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects joints and other parts of the body (such as skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels). It causes pain and swelling of the joint and may lead to joint deformation.
- Bursitis: inflammation of sacs of fluid that cushion the joints.
- Gout: arthritis that most often affects the big toe.
- Injuries: strains, sprains, and other injuries.
- Viral infections: May cause pain in the joints.
- Tendinitis: Inflammation of the bands that connect the bone to the muscle.
Joint pain ranges in intensity from mild to debilitating and may be acute or chronic. However, any joint pain can affect your quality of life by restricting mobility. Medication, physical therapy, or alternative therapies (e.g., acupuncture and steroid injection) can be used to manage both acute and chronic joint pain.
Medicines used to treat joint pain include:
- Acetaminophen: for mild pain not accompanied by swelling.
- Over-the-counter or prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID): for moderate-to-severe joint pain
At PCC, a multidisciplinary team of specialists:
- Assesses joint health and creates individualized joint rehabilitation plans.
- Provides mobility and home exercise guidance.
- Provides ultra-sound guided joint nerve removal.
- Prescribes appropriate assistive devices or braces for support as needed.