Pelvic pain is a symptom that may develop from many different conditions, such as an infection. Pelvic pain often refers to pain in the women’s reproductive organs located in the pelvic area. Also, it can arise from non-reproductive internal organs around the pelvic area, such as the colon or bladder. Men can experience pelvic pain from several other factors. Pain arising from the pelvic bones can occur in both men and women.
There are multiple conditions that cause pelvic pain in men or women. These include:
- Urinary tract infections
- Testicular disorders
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Kidney infection
- Diverticulitis or colitis
- Nerve conditions- Pudendal neuralgia
- Pelvic muscle disorders
- Fractured pelvic bone
- Menstrual cramps
- Ovarian disorders
- Uterine or cervical Cancer
Signs and symptoms related to pelvic pain in men or women include:
- Menstrual cramps and pain
- Vaginal bleeding
- Painful urination
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Blood in stool or urine
- Pain in groin or hip area
Diagnosis and treatment
Depending on the underlying condition, treatment options may vary. It is crucial for your health provider to diagnose pelvic pain accurately. The treatment depends upon the cause of pelvic pain. Pelvic pain can be treated with medicines, including antibiotics. Some patients may benefit from surgical treatments or other procedures. Your doctor may perform a physical exam and offer diagnostic imaging tests such as MRI, x-rays, ultrasound and CT scans for the abdomen and pelvis. Blood, urine, and pregnancy tests may also be prescribed for pelvic pain. Diagnostic procedures such as laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and colonoscopy are used to examine parts of the female reproductive system and lower internal organs of the abdomen and pelvis.
The contents contained within this page are not a substitute for health professionals' advice, diagnosis, or treatment. We advise that you seek advice from a qualified healthcare practitioner. We fully disclose that any surgical or invasive procedures come with risks.
For more details on how to relieve or treat chronic pain, you can reach out to one of our pain specialists at any of our pain care clinic locations. We establish a caring relationship and provide patients with pain relief when needed the most.