Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. It can be associated with injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Knee problems can occur as a result of the aging process and continual wear and stress on the knee joint. Other medical inflammatory diseases and infections such as gout, can also cause knee pain and accelerate joint damage. Genetic and lifestyle factors also play a role.
There are several other conditions that can cause knee pain, such as:
- Fractures or dislocations
- Meniscal tear
The conditions listed above may vary in the location and severity of the knee pain. Some of the signs and symptoms that accompany knee pain include:
- Stiffness and swelling
- Inability to extend knee
- Locking of the knee (unable to bend the knee)
- Limping due to discomfort
- Crunching noises
- Redness and warmth to the touch
- Weakness and instability
Knee pain is diagnosed through a complete medical history and physical exam, along with other diagnostic imaging tests and procedures including X-ray, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Computed tomography scan (CT scan), Arthroscopy, and Radionuclide bone scan.
Both non-operative and surgical treatment options are available to treat knee pain, depending on the type and severity of the knee condition. Exercise is still considered one of the best ways to manage knee conditions, such as osteoarthritis. Treatment will vary depending on the condition of the knee. Minor knee pain responds well to self-care measures. Knee braces and physical therapy also can help relieve knee pain. If initial treatment methods do not provide relief, your doctor may recommend surgical repair or total joint replacement, also referred to as knee replacement.
The contents contained within this page are not a substitute for health professionals' advice, diagnosis, or treatment. We advise that you seek advice from a qualified healthcare practitioner. We fully disclose that any surgical or invasive procedures come with risks.
For more details on how to relieve or treat chronic pain, you can reach out to one of our pain specialists at any of our pain care clinic locations. We establish a caring relationship and provide patients with pain relief when needed the most.